Anxiety is a part of the human condition and serves to face situations of danger or risk. However, when it is too intense, it becomes a source of suffering that needs to be controlled.
The essential characteristic of this disorder is a generalized and persistent feeling of uneasiness and restlessness, which are not related to any particular environmental circumstance.
Some of the Most Common Anxiety Disorders:
These people have an intense and persistent fear of (or anticipated) certain “specific” objects or situations. Some examples are flying by plane, seeing blood, some animals, etc.
These people have an intense and persistent fear when they meet other people because they fear to be in a humiliating or shameful way before them. People with this disorder perceive that people will judge them negatively and often have the feeling of being inferior, different or unacceptable.
Many times they worry about symptoms such as blushing, sweating or trembling before others. In some people, this fear occurs in specific situations (for example, public speaking or eating in public) and in others in most social relationships.
Anxiety crisis/panic attacks
An anxiety attack or panic attack is a sudden episode of very intense fear that is usually accompanied by physical symptoms (for example tachycardia, palpitations, chills, drowsiness, dizziness, tremors, etc.) and negative thoughts about these symptoms ( for example, fear of having a heart attack, fear of losing control, fear of going crazy, fear of fainting, fear of dying).
In a crisis of anguish, these symptoms are very “fast”, reach maximum intensity in a few minutes and generally last less than an hour. Some people, after suffering a crisis of anguish, are often very worried and notice a lot of insecurity. When someone has a crisis of anguish repeatedly we say that they have an anguish or panic disorder.
These people are afraid to be in certain spaces or situations because they perceive that it can be difficult to escape from there or receive help if they have a crisis of anguish. That is, the person is “afraid of being afraid”.
Some examples of these spaces or feared situations are crowds of people, certain shops, trains, tunnels, crossing bridges, elevators, etc. Some patients can only perform these activities if they are accompanied by a trusted person. Most times, anguish disorder and agoraphobia occur together.
Generalized anxiety disorder
These people are “sufferers”, that is, they care about many things (for example, home economics, work, family, health, etc.) for most of the day and for many months. In addition, these concerns are accompanied by other physical symptoms, such as feeling restless or impatient, with muscle tension, with problems sleeping, inability to relax, unable to concentrate, with much fatigue or feel generally irritable.
These people have recurrent and persistent thoughts or ideas that they fear (obsessions) and perform repetitive or ritual behaviors with the intent to control fear (compulsions). These behaviors can greatly limit the daily activity of the person who suffers.
For example, these people may be obsessed with dirt and washing their hands repeatedly, or be afraid of a thief and repeatedly check if the house door is closed. Other rituals may be the need to check things repeatedly, touch objects or count.
People with an obsessive-compulsive disorder may also worry about order and symmetry, or have difficulty getting rid of things (accumulation of objects). Although most people with this disease are surprised at what happens to them,
Post-traumatic stress disorder
This anxiety disorder can appear after an event that is lived with intense fear, often linked to suffering serious physical damage or to the threat to one’s life or to others (for example, it is common in warfighters, aggression, etc). These people can be scared easily, paralyzed in the effective field, lose interest to enjoy, feel more irritable or aggressive and avoid situations that remind them of the original accident.
In addition, they usually relive the traumatic event in their thoughts during the day and have nightmares when sleeping.